Diamond is a natural gemstone that is gotten from the Earth’s crust. The existence of diamonds is much older than the world itself. However, the discovery of diamonds can be traced back to the 4th century BC. The usefulness of diamonds can never be overemphasized as it can be seen as an instrument of adornment used in various conditions ranging from rings, necklaces, bangles, earrings, and so on.
The invention and intervention of technology have brought about a lot of changes, choices, and options in the daily activities of humans.
“Curiosity,” as defined by Ken Robinson, “is the engine for achievement.” The curiosity of man and his intention for advancement has led to the exploration of other options available for the continuous production and availability of diamonds to innumerable consumers.
Therefore, a new ground needed to be broken, which made way for the production of lab-grown diamonds.
Lab-grown diamond is an alternative means of diamond production that came into existence in the 1940s. The growing need for the usage of diamonds in the 20th century brought great minds together from different locations like the United States, the Soviet Union, and Sweden to produce diamonds through alternative means.
Surely, there have been growing concerns as to the durability, authenticity, and quality of lab-grown diamonds. Many have asked if they are real. The main purpose (goal) of this article is to present certain facts and figures regarding the subject matter and to properly bring to the fore the various methods involved in the production of lab-grown diamonds as a measure of corroborating the fact that they are real.
Relationship between Natural Diamonds and Lab-grown diamonds
In order to establish the veracity between the production and existence of lab-grown diamonds, there is a need to explore the processes involved in the formation of natural diamonds and lab-grown diamonds, as this helps to greatly determine the characteristics behind each formation.
Lab-grown diamonds have been dominating the diamond market just as much as the natural diamonds. The choice of a diamond to be chosen is entirely the choice of the diamond shopper. A shopper may choose to buy a mined diamond because of its natural origin, while another shopper may choose to buy a lab-grown diamond because of its modern and technological nature.
Therefore, the major essence and purpose of a preference of a particular diamond is the affection gotten from the choice of the preferred diamond.
How Diamonds are made
The history and nature behind natural diamond formation are of vital importance at this point in order to know the relationship between a natural diamond and a lab-grown diamond. The nature behind the production of the two forms of a diamond is the same. However, what can be termed as the difference is that natural diamonds are formed by nature while lab-grown diamonds are grown and made in the lab.
The existence of diamond can be traced to about one billion to three billion years ago. The force behind the existence of the diamond cannot be unveiled.
Nevertheless, Geologists have found out that the creation of diamonds begins with the exposure of carbon dioxide to excess heat to the tune of 2,200 degrees Fahrenheit, thereby leading to the excess pressure of about 727,000 pounds per square inch. The effect of the aforementioned action is imminent transportation of diamonds from its deep-seated location to the Earth’s surface by means of volcanic activity.
How Lab-diamonds are made
Lab-grown diamonds are created through a repeated process of the natural climate produced by nature.
Surely, the question from the aforementioned fact would be, how is that possible? Advancement in technology has properly brought to the fore highly specialized and world-class laboratory. These forms of laboratories with experienced and erudite researchers have made it possible to produce lab-grown diamonds.
These laboratories have high-temperature facilities needed to replicate the natural environment, and indeed, results have proven this fact to be true.
These lab-grown diamonds have the same compositions and properties inherent in the natural diamonds. They can as well be referred to as “diamonds,” and by that, I mean in the natural sense. This is because they possess and emit the same value and qualities present in the natural diamond. They sparkle, dazzle is crystal-like.
Moreover, they have the same capacity, structure, and form of the natural diamond. On this wise, they cannot be referred to as ‘plastic diamond’; hence, the adoption of the name ‘lab-grown diamond.’
Lab-grown diamonds are mainly grown through two major processes.
- High Pressure-High Temperature (HPHT)
- Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD)
High Pressure-High Temperature
HPHT diamonds can be produced by using any of the following processes:
- a belt press
- the cubic press
- the split-sphere
Any of the aforementioned processes have the ability to reproduce the temperature of a natural environment needed to grow and produce a diamond.
The procedure needed to produce an HPHT diamond involves the availability of a little seed of diamond, which is then placed into a carbon. The seed is therefore processed through the use of any of the processes above. The result of the exposure of this little seed to an atmosphere of a temperature of about 1500 degrees Celsius, which is pressured up to about 1.5 million pounds per square inch, makes the formation possible.
The effect of this procedure is the melting of the carbon (seed) to give way to the emergence of a new diamond forming around the initial seed. The diamond is afterward exposed to a cooling system, which becomes a carbon diamond.
Chemical Vapour Deposition
CVD is created by using a tiny piece of a diamond stone. The seed to be used in a CVD procedure is an HPHT created diamond. The seed-material is kept in a closed enclosure where it would be heated up to 800 degrees Celsius.
The enclosure or a chamber contains carbon rich-gas. The gases involved are methane and many other hydrocarbon gases. The gases are such that are produced in heat-related technological products such as microwaves, oven, or lasers. This process makes the gases ionized, thereby breaking the molecules in the gases to gradually change the nature of the seed to become crystallized.
Benefits of Lab-grown Diamonds
Without a shadow of a doubt, lab-grown diamonds are very important and useful in the ornamental cycle just as much as their natural counterpart. Below are some of the benefits of lab-created diamonds.
It is less expensive
the monetary value of lab-grown diamonds is lesser compared to natural diamonds.
It is ethical
over the years, there have been growing concerns over the prevalence of violence in certain regions where diamonds are gotten. The creation of lab-grown diamonds has reduced the concept of conflict or blood diamonds.
It is environmentally kind
the production of diamonds involves mining. This process is not environmentally friendly. On the other hand, the process of lab-creating diamonds is eco-friendly, and it takes lesser efforts.
Lab-grown diamonds, which can also be referred to as man-made diamonds, is an alternative medium of diamond production, which can be traced back to the middle of the 20th century. The growing demand for the use of diamonds brought great minds from countries varying from the United States, Soviet, and Sweden to make a lab-created diamond to alleviate the tension prevalent in the regions where diamonds are found and mined.
Without mincing words, it is evident that lab-grown diamonds are real. The rationale behind this has been evidently presented from various facts and figures in this research. To simply spell it out, the characteristics behind the natural diamond formation and lab-grown diamonds are the same.
The processes involve the exposure of carbon seed to extreme or excess heat. It is also important to state that the physical structure, texture, and nature of both natural and lab-grown diamonds are the same, thereby making it impossible to ascertain the origin of the diamond on sale.